Glossary of terms

Glossary of terms

Agreement to agree on a purchase (AAP)
An agreement in which the seller and the buyer pledge when and under what conditions they shall conclude a purchase agreement for the property in question. The agreement is binding and legally enforceable.

Balcony
A platform protruding outside the building, accessible from the inside and bounded with a railing.

Barrier-free structures
Structures enabling the safe movement of people with impaired mobility and orientation. (Decree no. 369/2001 Coll., on General technical requirements ensuring the use of structures by persons with impaired mobility and orientation)

Basement, storey
A basement has a floor level lower than 0.8 m below the highest point of ground in a zone 3 metres wide around the building. A storey is each level above that which is not a basement.

Building Energy Intensity Certificate
A document that evaluates a building by its energy consumption (heating, cooling, ventilation, hot water production, power for appliances, etc.).

Building Location Decision
An act of public administration that locates a building on a plot and defines its type, purpose and requirements for its location (Section 79 of the Building Act).

Building Owner’s Declaration
A Building Owner’s Declaration is a legal document that defines apartment and non-residential units within a building and specifies the shared spaces within the building, under the conditions set out in the Flat Ownership Act. Units as separately transferrable properties are established upon registration of a Building Owner’s Declaration in the cadastre. At that point, the owner of the building becomes the owner of each unit within the building and the owner of the shared spaces within the building. An agreement on the transfer of a proprietary title then transfers the existing building owner’s title to the units to third parties (buyers), including the appurtenant co-ownership shares in the shared spaces of the building and the plot(s) associated with the building.

Building permit
The outcome of an administrative procedure containing the authorisation to execute a building construction (Section 115 of the Building Act).

Building thermal protection
Measures limiting the heat exchange between a building and its surroundings.

Cadastral office
An authority managing the property register.

Cadastre
The set of information on properties in the Czech Republic containing their listing and description and their geometrical definition and location. It contains a register of proprietary and other material titles and other legally defined rights to the properties.

Client change
Defined modifications to layouts and surfaces, interior furnishings and fixtures that a client arranges within a set deadline via the Client Centre.

Common property of spouses
Established by marriage; it is property and pledges of spouses attained in the course of their marriage.

Developer
One who initiates the construction process by their own activity.

Documentation (project documentation)
A set of documents that are the source and conveyor of information, describe the complete design for the building, and are divided into multiple stages based on the documentation purpose (zoning decision procedure, building permit procedure, contractor selection, as-built documentation).

Drywall boards
Boards used for ceiling and wall panelling, made of a gypsum core and carton. They are used for load-free partition structures and those requiring fire resistance. The board thicknesses are 10, 12.5, 15 and 18 mm.

Exterior thermal insulation
Thermal insulation on the outer side of a building. Lagging buildings on the outside is advisable with respect to heating and construction techniques.

Facade
The visible layer on a building wall.

Facility manager
A company dealing with facility management that an SVJ chose at its founding meeting.

Final approval
An affirmative position of an applicable building authority declaring that the completed building has no shortcomings in terms of the Building Act that would preclude its use.

Finishing works
They involve inner and outer plastering, flooring, all installations and interior doors, etc.

Fire-resistant door
A door that resists fire for a prescribed amount of time; they are installed on the boundaries of fire compartments within a building.

Flooring
The top layer of a floor, most commonly laminated boards, cork, linoleum, PVC, carpets, etc.

Heat exchanger
A device in the heating system in which heat is transferred between heated water from a boiler and cooled water returning from the building heating circuit.

Heaters
Devices that transfer heat from a source to a room.

Insulation glazing
A window element made of glass panes conforming to requirements for thermal insulation. As a rule, the space between the glass sheets is filled with inert gases, air-tight and water-proof.

Lightweight partition wall
A load-free structure (removable as a rule) that is used exclusively to separate a room into two parts.

Living area
The floor area of residential rooms (living room, bedrooms, dining room) that conforms to the requirements of Decree 137/1998 Coll.

Load-bearing walls
Vertical structures transferring the loads in a building to the footing bottom (they carry the ceiling, structures above the ceiling and the roof). Outer walls are typically used as load-bearing walls.

Loggia
An area with the effect of a balcony, the difference being that it is inserted inside a building.

Mortgage loan
A mortgage loan is a type of credit secured with a security interest in the property. It is used for purchasing properties for living, investment or rental. A credit is considered a mortgage loan as of the date of legal effect of the security interest registration. A mortgage loan is typically repaid in monthly instalments.

Parking bay
A space of prescribed dimensions intended for vehicle parking. The general technical requirements for construction specify the number of parking bays per building type, including single-family houses.

Paving
Surface finish on floors (ground) using composed components attached to the subbase, for example made of ceramics, bricks, concrete and so on.

Plot
A piece of land according to the cadastre that has its own plot number. Each plot in a cadastral zone is uniquely defined with this number.

Plot number
A number denoting a plot in the cadastre.

Property certificate
An extract from the cadastre that is proof of ownership of the specified property. Where the proprietary title is restricted, it records easements, security interests and other restrictions applying to the property.

Property tax
A tax that a property owner has to pay every year. The tax is always paid by the owner who owns the property as of 1 January; the tax return is only submitted for the first year, by 31 January. A tax return for a garage is submitted by one owner for all, typically the chairperson or another member of the Unit Owners’ Association.

Public amenities
A component of public infrastructures, including structures such as for education, social services, healthcare services, culture, etc. (Section 2, Para 1, item (k) of the Building Act).

Purchase agreement
A document based on which a cadastral office makes the registration of the proprietary title to a property. A purchase agreement for a property has to be in writing pursuant to the law.

Purchase price (of property)
The purchase price refers to the money paid by the buyer to the seller for transferring the proprietary title (so-called transfer for consideration).

Reservation fee
A part of the purchase price. By paying it, the owner declares their intent to conclude an agreement to agree on a purchase, or a purchase agreement.

Residential building
A building for living in which the residential function predominates.

Site manager
One who executes and coordinates construction (Section 153 of the Building Act)

Skeleton
A stage of a building construction that includes the foundations, walls, ceilings and the roof.

Terrace
A flat roof with a railing.

Thermostat
A device installed in the heating system to control the temperature in a house to prevent overheating or underheating in the building.

Triple glazing
The glazing of a window with a thermal insulation function comprising three sheets of glass behind each other.

Unit Owners’ Association (SVJ)
A unit owners’ association is a special type of a corporate entity. It is established in buildings where at least three units are owned by three different owners. The legal subjectivity of this corporate entity is restricted by the law: the association is qualified for exercising rights and making pledges only concerning any issues connected with the management, operation and maintenance of the shared spaces of a building, including work connected with the operation of technical facilities within the building that is used by other entities (heating plants, heat exchangers, etc.). A committee typically acts on behalf of an owners’ association; it is elected at the founding meeting of the association for the first term of office. The first meeting also approves of the statutes of the association and the house code, if any.

Usable area
The surface area of rooms excluding the walls: the floor area.

Utility facilities
A collective reference to the water mains, sewers, gas mains, electricity installations, etc.

Utility networks
Technical infrastructure devices providing buildings with water, power and other supplies.

Zoning decision
A zoning decision issued by a building authority specifies requirements for locating a structure (Section 77 of the Building Act).

Zoning decision procedure
A type of administrative procedure that discusses the use of a plot for a proposed purpose (Section 87 of the Building Act).